Sick And Tired Of Doing SIGHT WORDS The Old Way? Stop the Frustration at Home!
Blog #2 of my Sight Word Blog Series! How To Help with Sight Words at Home!
If you have a child in elementary school, you know how much teachers hammer sight words/high-frequency words. But are you sick and tired of pushing flashcards on your child? Are you out of ideas to practice sight words at home? Or not sure how to work on sight words at all? Is it causing a big fight with your child each day at home? If so, please know you are not alone! And if so, this blog series about sight words is for you! This is blog (#2) of a three-part series that will guide you through how to help with sight words at home.
First Thing to Know When Learning How to Help with Sight Words at Home!
Contrary to prior belief, it's ineffective to memorize sight words the old-fashioned way with flashcards and try to hammer them into our brains via memorization. Science shows that children can recognize sight words better when they can locate and recognize the grapheme-phoneme connection instead of memorizing the word as a whole.
Sight words fall into two categories, and my students know them as heart words or flash words. Flash words are sight words that are spelled regularly (following the phonics patterns that can be taught and executed) because they follow all the rules, they can be recognized in a flash. Heart words are spelled irregularly (words that do not follow phonics patterns-what I like to call rule-breakers). Rule breakers have patterns that do not follow the phonics patterns we have been learning. Therefore, the word's unusual patterns must be remembered by heart (the rest of the word can be sounded out as usual).
How to Help with Sight Words at Home: talk about the words and help children get familiar with irregular words. Have them draw a heart over the part of the word that is unusual. For Example, the word said -ai is unusual because it makes the /eh/ sound instead of the long /a/ like -ai typically makes. You would talk about this and have your child draw a heart around the ai part of the word like the following:
Ditch the Old Way of Memorizing Sight Words with Flashcards!
The best way to teach high-frequency words is to focus on mastery, but the science of reading has been found contrary to former practices and beliefs by educators. For years teachers have tried to have students memorize all sight words. Memorizing is an ineffective strategy. Teaching students spelling patterns (even if they are irregular, pointing them out and talking about them is best!), letter-sound correspondences (sounds of the alphabet represented by letters), and phonemic segmentation (breaking down words into individual sounds) are far more effective.
Research tells us that readers store irregular words in their brains or memory like regular words. Meaning readers look at each letter, the pattern the letters make in the word, and associate their sounds. Therefore, according to research, these three parts of the brain must be activated for a child to learn a word: sounds, meanings, and letters.
Effective Sight Word Strategies that Activate All Three Parts of the Brain:
Read-Spell-Write-Extend is a technique I picked up from A Fresh Look at Phonics by Wiley Belvins. In his book, he states the following about this activity, "This routine offers a valuable tool for engaging all parts of the brain needed to learn a word, accelerates that learning, and aids in helping irregular words "stick." When you say the word, the "sound" part of the brain is activated. When you read the context sentence and discuss it, the "meaning" part of the brain is activated. And when you spell the word, the "letters" part of the brain is activated. You know this routine works when students quickly and automatically identify high-frequency words when reading connected text and easily distinguish visually similar words (e.g., When and then). To misread one of these words can have a serious impact on understanding."
Watch the video below to see it in action!
2. Orthographic Mapping/Sound Boxes
Orthographic mapping is the process of helping children to make connections between the letters and sounds in a word by mapping out the sounds they hear in a word, and they will add in the graphemes (letters) for each sound eventually as well! This technique allows readers to store words in their brains so they can eventually recognize them instantly by sight.
Watch the video below to see it in action!
The orthographic mapping tool I often use with my students for our online tutoring sessions can be found at the link below. I like to use this tool with students because you can change the number of boxes available depending on how many sounds are in the given the word. Also, my students love when I give them control of the screen and allow them to move the counters independently! You can use this tool at home with your child or continue reading to download your Free Sight Word Activity Pack, including orthographic mapping activities inside!
3. Arm Tapping
Arm tapping is a great activity for the repetition of sight words. Plus, it adds spelling to make a deeper cognitive impression. The arm tapping stimulates kinesthetic and tactile feedback as well.
Watch the video below to see how it works!
4. Multi-Sensory Activities
Multi-sensory activities are very helpful for children. When they use more than one of the senses at a time, the information is more likely to stick, plus kids love it because it's fun! Multi-sensory activities result in better memory of sight words, but this type of learning can be particularly helpful for learning tricky words or for those who learn or think differently because it gives them multiple ways to connect to the content. For ideas on how to make learning multi-sensory at home, keep scrolling to the section titled, Products I Recommend Buying to Make Sight Words Multisensory and Fun! Or Download my Sight Word Activities Pack for examples of lessons on how to work on sight words at home.
5. Sight word Sort
Sorts help students look for similarities and differences between different sight words, notice phonics and spelling patterns, and make connections. Have your child look at 6-8 sight words and help your child sort them into categories. Example: similar phonics patterns (magic e, closed patterns, bossy r, two vowel walkers, and so on), words that start with the same beginning sounds, words that end with the same ending sounds, etc. See it in action with one of my students in the video below:
Lucky for you, I have created a FREE Sight Word Activity Pack with a FREE 11-page PDF printable guide on lessons to practice sight words at home! These activities activate the parts of the brain required to learn sight words and make them stick, are multi-sensory, and are backed by the science of reading!
No matter how hard you try, some words are harder for children to learn than others. We know which words are most problematic for children and need to take more time reviewing and practicing them. Some of the hardest irregular sight words are was, of, and said. Common mishaps for children include the following:
Tips for Working on Problematic Sight Words at Home
Reorganize your child's words and connect words that have common patterns (come/some, where/there, could/would)
Make connections with the words: When I teach students tricky sight words, I love to use words embedded with pictures, or we look on google to find an image the child thinks adequately represents the word, or maybe the picture reminds them of a tricky sound pattern. Then we create a sentence or phrase using that word and write it out. Examples of a student's sight word slides from lessons in my tutoring sessions are pictured below:
3. Multisensory Activities
This just means using several different senses at the same time when working on sight words. Make working on sight words visual, auditory, tactile, and kinesthetic if you can!
Using a multisensory approach when teaching sight words increases the likelihood that the student will remember the word and helps the word stick through multiple modalities.
There are many multisensory sight word activities that you can DIY at home! Make sure you download my FREE Sight Word Activity Pack with free printable ideas to practice sight words at home!
Products I Recommend Buying to Make Sight Words Multisensory and Fun!
This blog post includes affiliate links for your convenience. As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases.
I love this program! My students and I have so much fun using them; they are extremely effective! They use a multisensory approach that caters to all students. According to their website, "Scientific research conducted on Eyewords™ has validated that combining embedded pictures, a contextual phrase, and related kinesthetic action with phonics is more effective than simple text and phonics alone for learning, retaining, and recalling the high-frequency words. This current research opens up a new world of opportunity for effectively removing learning barriers for students of all ages and abilities."
Play-Doh is a really fun way to use both visual and tactile learning! Your child can create their words, or there are cute Play-Doh stamp sets like the one I have linked below!
3. Shaving Cream or Foam Soap
Writing sight words in a shaving cream can be a fun and simple way to shake things up with sight words and make them exciting! Also, you can buy kids' foam soap like the ones I have linked below. They smell good and come in fun colors!
4. Magnetic Letters
Magnetic letters are a fun way to play and build words with your child! It's visual, tactile, and fun! You can play fun games where you ask your child to close their eyes, remove some of the letters, and ask your child what letters are missing in the word when they open their eyes.
5. Wikki Stix
Wikki Stix are fun sticks you can fold, twist, bend, and mold into different letters and words! They are non-toxic and made of food-grade wax. They stick together but do not create a mess. They create endless opportunities for creative play!
Writing sight words in the sand is a fun way to work on visual, auditory, and tactile learning modalities. You can buy play sand and put it in a pencil box or tray like the picture below. Have your child write their words with a pencil or their finger.
You can also purchase sand tracing Montesorri kits via the link below. The kits are nice because they are a little less DIY and have all the tools ready to use (flashcards, etc.) and a lid!
8. Drawing Supplies
Fun drawing supplies can make working on sight words fun and multi-sensory. Some ideas are to have your child draw a picture representing the sight word you are working on, draw the consonants in one color and the vowels in another, and highlight the tricky phonics or spelling patterns.
9. Bath Crayons or Finger Paint
I find bath time a great time to work on things with my 2-year-old daughter. In the bath, she is calm, content, and contained in one space small space so that she can focus. She loves using bath crayons or finger paint to work on her letters and name. But you could easily use these for practice with sight words as well!